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Geoffrey Chaucer: The Electronic Canterbury Tales

Daniel T. Kline | U of Alaska Anchorage | Dept of English
Chaucer Pedagogy Page | Chaucer Metapage

Web Resources by Tale 

Electronic Canterbury Tales Home Page

Fragment I / Group A
The General Prologue
The Knight's Tale
The Miller's Prologue & Tale
The Reeve's Prologue & Tale
The Cook's Prologue & Tale

Fragment II / Group B1
The Man of Law's Introduction, Prologue, Tale, & Epilogue

Fragment III / Group D
The Wife of Bath's Prologue & Tale
The Friar's Prologue & Tale
The Summoner's Prologue & Tale

Fragment IV / Group E
The Clerk's Prologue & Tale
The Merchant's Prologue, Tale, & Epilogue
Fragment V / Group F
The Squire's Introduction & Tale
The Franklin's Prologue & Tale

Fragment VI / Group C
The Physician's Tale
The Pardoner's Introduction, Prologue, & Tale

Fragment VII / Group B2
The Shipman's Tale
The Prioress's Prologue & Tale
The Prologue & Tale of Sir Thopas
The Tale of Melibee
The Monk's Prologue & Tale
The Nun's Priest's Prologue,
Tale, & Epilogue

Fragment VIII / Group G
The Second Nun's Prologue & Tale
The Canon's Yeoman's Prologue & Tale

Fragment IX / Group H 
The Manciple's Prologue & Tale

Fragment X / Group I
The Parson's Prologue & Tale
The Retraction

The Electronic Canterbury Tales:
Troilus and Criseyde

Additional Pages in The Electronic Canterbury Tales

Chaucer the Narrator - Pilgrim and Author

Chaucer's "Orphan" Pilgrims

The Frame Tale, Later Continuations,& Apocrypha

Troilus and Criseyde

Electronic Chaucer Texts: What's Available Online?

Chaucer in / and Popular Culture

Headings, Organization, & Criteria for Inclusion

ECT Revision History:
What's New?

The Chaucer Pedagogy Documentation Primer

The Chaucer Pedagogy Page

Need Teaching Ideas & Resources?
The Chaucer Pedagogy Page

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Complete Online Versions of the Canterbury Tales, Indexed by Tale

The Complete Tales in Middle English at UVa (1510 kb)

Search the UVa Middle English Text Archive

Sinan Kökbugur's hypertext, helpfully glossed Middle English edition at the Librarius Homepage

The Electronic Library Foundation's edition of the Canterbury Tales is available in a variety of formats

The Litrix Reading Room Translation of the Canterbury Tales 

Top 15
Medieval & Chaucer-Related Sites

The Aberdeen On-line Bestiary

Argos: Limited Area Search of the Ancient & Medieval Internet

The Camelot Project

Exploring Ancient World Cultures

Geoffrey Chaucer:  Annotated Guide to Online Resources

Gothic Dreams

The Harvard Chaucer Page

Internet Medieval Sourcebook

The Labyrinth

The Luminarium

The Online Medieval and Classical Library

Project Seafarer /

TEAMS Middle English Text Series

Univ. of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative

Voice of the Shuttle


The Knight's Tale

1.  In Middle English

The Knight's Tale at the UVa Electronic Text Center.

Read the Knight's Tale in the context of Fragment I - Group A.

Read Chaucer's short lyric Trouthe (Representative Poetry Online, U of Toronto), embodying a chivalric value crucial to the Knight's portrait in the General Prologue:

  • A Knyght ther was, and that a worthy man,
    That fro the tyme that he first bigan
    To riden out, he loved chivalrie,
    Trouthe and honour, fredom and curteisie. (I [A].43-46)

2.  In Modern English Translation

The Electronic Library Foundation's edition of the Canterbury Tales, accessible by individual tale & available in a variety of formats:  Middle English, Modern English, Facing Page, & Interpolated/Glossed (frames; from unknown base text).

  • Although unsuitable for formal research or college work, the ELF is the best online version for younger readers and those unfamiliar with Middle English.

Skip Knox's selection of Canterbury Tales in Modern English (Boise State) includes the Knight's Tale (from an unknown base text).

3.  Historical & Cultural Backgrounds

The Crusades (Paul Halsall, IMSB) offers a full range of primary sources on the Crusader Era from Urban II's pivotal address in 1095 to the fall of Acre in 1291, including accounts of the Crusading Orders. 

The Western Orientalism section of IMSB contains texts from Western European travelers as they describe the "exotic" lands of the East.

Knights, Warfare, Weapons, and Tournaments:

Steven Muhlberger (Nipissing U) has put together a very fine compilation of chivalric texts entitled, Deeds of Arms: A Collection of Accounts of Formal Deeds of Arms of the Fourteenth Century. These are, in fact, accounts of tournaments (in original languages and in translation) as opposed to fictionalized accounts. Included in the riches here are 

See also Muhlberger's Historical Materials on Knighthood and Chivalry and Fighting for Fun? What was at Stake in Formal Deeds of Arms of the 14th Century?

Elizabeth Bennett (Princeton) has provided a facing page translation of Rene d'Anjou's traictié de la forme et devis d'ung tournoy.  Bennett notes "The tournament book describes a style of tournament which René says he has adapted from the ancient customs of France and other countries. Although René describes this tournament in vivid detail, we do not know if such a tournament was ever held in the fifteenth century."

The Association for Renaissance Martial Arts has an extensive site that puts the meat and bones back into the romantic accounts of medieval warfare, and it's chock full of articles explaining and images illustrating forms of medieval combat and types of weapons. A rich site indeed that focuses on late medieval (and Renaissance) combat. See especially:

Other Websites Concerning Knights, Warfare, and Tournaments:

4.  Sources, Analogues, & Related Texts

TEAMS Middle English Text Series (Russell Peck, URochester) houses a number of lesser known and hard to find medieval texts in helpful student editions. A generous and fascinating selection not to be missed! Each selection includes a scholarly introduction and full notes. Some of the selections related to the Knight's Tale include:

"All TEAMS texts are under copyright, whether in hard copy or in electronic form. The on-line texts provided here are meant for individual use only. To download and make multiple copies for course use, you must have permission from the managing editor of Medieval Institute Publications."

Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy, from the W.V. Cooper translation. (London: J.M. Dent, 1902). A key text for understanding the Knight's Tale. 

A brief summary of Andreas Capellanus' The Art of Courtly Love.

For other views of medieval chivalry, you might peruse one of the greatest of all   Middle English poems, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, or the famous crusading epic, The Song of Roland.

You'll find some helpful and interesting information at Middle English Romances:  An Online Companion (S. Shepherd, SMU), the WWW site for the Norton Critical Edition of the same name.

5.  Online Notes & Commentary

Discussion and links concerning the Knight's Tale on Larry D. Benson's superlative Geoffrey Chaucer Page (Harvard). Includes e-texts of scholarly essays, sources and ancillary texts, and capsule discussions of key issues.  Some of the items related to the Knight's Tale include:

Jane Zatta's The Knight's Tale, part 1 & The Knight's Tale, part 2, contains discussion and images relevant to the Knight's high romance (SIU Edwardsville).

6.  Online Articles and Books

Peer Reviewed Articles

Louise O. Fradenberg's Sacrificial Desire in Chaucer's Knight's Tale," Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 27.1 (1997), 47-75 takes a Lacanian view of the KnT.

Helen Barr's "Chaucer's Knight: A Christian Killer," The English Review 12.2 (2001), np takes on the claim that the Knight was a mercenary. From Grover Wonderbrook's website.

Academic Books

An important work of gender criticism in Chaucer studies is Elaine Tuttle Hanson's Chaucer and the Fictions of Gender (Berkeley: U of California P, 1992).  

H. Marshall Leicester's The Disenchanted Self: Representing the Subject in the Canterbury Tales (Berkeley: U of California P, 1990).

Richard Neuse reads Chaucer through the lens of the great Italian poet Dante in Chaucer's Dante: Allegory and Epic Theater in The Canterbury Tales. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1991). 

Charles Ross traces the courtly tradition in The Custom of the Castle: From Malory to Macbeth (Berkeley: U of California P, 1997). 

Aldo Scaglione details a wide variety of knightly practices in Knights at Court: Courtliness, Chivalry, and Courtesy from Ottonian Germany to the Italian Renaissance (Berkeley: U of California P, 1992).

R.A. Shoaf's online postprint Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word devotes Chapter 10 to "Fragment A and the Versions of the Household"

Chaucer Sourcebook, from the Harvard Chaucer Page, offers a number of classic and professional essays from noted Chaucerians, including:

Sarah Stanbury, "Visibility Politics in Chaucer's Knight's Tale," from the Conference Proceedings of "Cultural Frictions:  Medieval Studies in Postmodern Contexts," 27-28 October 1995.  Cite as web document.

Other Studies

Chaucer's Knight, the Tale of Melibee, and the SocioHistorical Implications of Pilgrimage, from the very interesting website of Frederick Martin and his project Whitecrow Borderland, which is concerned with articulating a Native American cultural philosophy.

Essays in Medieval Studies, full-text articles from the proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association, edited by Allen J. Frantzen (Loyola - Chicago).

Keeping in mind the Knight's portrait in the General Prologue and Theseus's grand tournament between Palamon and Arcite for the hand of Emily, see Steven Muhlberger's excellent overview of the knightly ethos in Fighting for Fun? What was at Stake in Formal Deeds of Arms of the 14th Century?

Thomas Honegger has written a sophisticated linguistic analysis in  'Yif me my love, thow blisful lady deere' : Forms of Address in Chaucer's The Knight's Tale (U of Zurich).

7.  Student Projects

Matthew Markland, a student of Susan Yager (Iowa State) prepared a hypertext report on Chaucer's Poetry:  The Boethian Poems, whose content is pertinent to the Knight's Tale.

Anniina Jokkinen's Essays and Articles on Chaucer includes a number of sample student essays, of varying quality.  Like any other source, student essays must be evaluated rigorously, cited correctly, and  used responsibly. Jokkinen also compiles a number of resources by Canterbury Tale: The Knight's Tale

8.  Online Bibliography

Steven Mulberger's Select Bibliography on Medieval Tournaments (Nipissing U).

William Vincenti's Chivalry Bibliography (Montclair State U).

From Association for Renaissance Martial Arts: General Reference Books on Medieval Arms & Armor or Medieval Warfare

9.  Syllabi & Course Descriptions

10.  Images & Multimedia

See the Knight's Portrait from the Ellesmere Manuscript, one of the two earliest compilations of the Canterbury Tales (Huntington Library, San Marino, California).

From Association for Renaissance Martial Arts: Insights from Historical Sources features a load of images and "representations of foot combat from various sources of Medieval and Renaissance combat art" (11th-17th century)

11.  Language Helps & Audio Files

Sample audio files (.wav, .au, .aiff) from the Knight's Tale, read by Alan T. Gaylord and recorded at Dartmouth College in 1994, are available from the Chaucer Studio (Paul Thomas, Brigham Young).

12. Potpourri

Warfare and armor, mostly from enthusiasts and hobbyists:


13.  The Next Step

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How to Document
Print & Electronic Sources:
The Chaucer Pedagogy
Documentation Primer

Chaucer Pedagogy | The Electronic Canterbury Tales | Chaucer Metapage

 © 1998-2005 Daniel T. Kline & The Kankedort Page All rights reserved

This page was last revised on 12.04.06.